Those who drive at night must keep in mind

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Driving at night is the most dangerous time to drive, no matter what weather condition is present. The most dangerous time to drive on any roadway is between the hours of midnight and 6 am, especially on the weekends. Luckily, there are some things you can do to improve your safety when driving at night. 

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1. Don’T Overdrive Your headlights Headlights 

Most speed limits are set for driving during the day in dry, clear conditions – not for driving at night.
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Most speed limits are set for driving during the day in dry, clear conditions – not for driving at night. Your headlights should illuminate the road ahead of you for approximately 4 seconds of headway. If you have poor headlights or you aren’t getting at least a 4-second headway, it’s best to slow down.

2. Use High Beam Headlights Wherever Possible

Make sure you utilize your high beam headlights (brights). High beams should be used as often as possible, especially during clear conditions. During adverse weather, use your best judgment.
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Just don’t forget they are on! Be sure to dim your lights for oncoming traffic. The last thing you want to do is blind an oncoming driver, increasing the risk of a head-on collision. If an oncoming vehicle fails to dim their high beams, it’s ok to flash your lights to try and remind them, but don’t leave your high beams on in spite or to “get back” at the oncoming driver. Again, blinding the driver only increases the chance of a traffic accident. If an oncoming vehicle does not dim their lights, look towards the right side of the road and try not to look directly at the oncoming headlights, rather, use your peripheral vision.

3. Look away from the lights!

Make sure you don’t stare directly at oncoming headlights. If you can safely do so, look towards 
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the right shoulder as the vehicle approaches. Staring at the headlights will impair your night vision, even after the vehicle has passed.

4. Watch For Wildlife

Obviously animals (and humans!) are harder to see when driving at night. But some animals are also more active during the twilight hours.
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Thousands of people are injured and many deaths occur when people either strike or try to avoid striking an animal. It is almost always better to hit an animal in the roadway, rather than trying to swerve to avoid it. It will certainly do damage to your vehicle, and nobody wants to hurt an animal (especially if it’s a pet), but swerving is no guarantee that you’ll miss the animal and creates a much more dangerous situation for everyone. Hold your lane, keep the wheel straight, and apply the brakes as firmly as possible while still maintaining control.

5. Dealing With Drunk Drivers

Obviously, a big reason for the added danger when driving at night is that you’re forced to share the road with drunk drivers.
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Drinking and driving is much more prevalent during the overnight hours and peaks between 1 am and 3 am (most bars close at this time, and most parties are winding down as well).
Many people think drunk drivers are easy to spot, but most drunk drivers aren’t swerving all over the road as you might think. It could be very difficult to distinguish a distracted driver or fatigued driver from a drunk driver. The problem is, many drunk drivers who appear to be driving normally, are at an extremely high risk of missing a stop sign, red light or swerving into an oncoming lane unexpectedly. In most drunk driving related accidents, the victim had no indication there was a problem until it was too late. A large number of drunk drivers are at risk of falling asleep at the wheel, too.

7. Fatigued Drivers Are Dangerous Too!

Fatigued driving has some of the same effects as drunk driving and is most prevalent driving at night. Many drunk drivers are also fatigued drivers.
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Not only is their driving risky, but driver fatigue is the cause of many fatal accidents either due to the driver falling asleep or due to the negative effects of fatigue.
Don’t be afraid to take a quick 20-minute cat nap either. Getting just 20 or 30 minutes of sleep can have remarkable effects on fatigue and is much more effective than any caffeine product. Bottom line, if you’re tired, you need to sleep. Most people think they can “handle it” or go “just a few more miles” yet, there are approximately 71,000 injuries and almost 6,000 deaths per year in the United States attributed to fatigued driving, the vast majority of which occur while driving at night. These numbers are probably understated, as most people don’t ever actually admit to falling asleep at the wheel. Many people don’t even know they fell asleep due to a type of sleep called “microsleep” where the driver unknowingly falls asleep for a mere second or two at a time. 
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A microsleep is virtually undetectable by a fatigued driver. It’s also very difficult to obtain proof that a motorist fell asleep while driving. If you feel sleepy and continue to drive, you very well could make it to your destination. But it’s a gamble. You are putting your own life, as well as the lives of everyone around you at risk. Is it really worth it? Best advice, take a nap.

8. Driving At Night Is The Most Dangerous Time To Drive

Remember, driving at night is the most dangerous time to be on the roadways. Many drivers think it’s safer since far fewer vehicles are on the road, but still, driving at night remains the most dangerous time to be driving.
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Part of the reason driving at night is so dangerous is because you can’t control the drivers around you. Quite simply, people do more dumb things at night than any other time of the day. If you are driving on a Friday or Saturday night, you are in even worse shape. Clear all intersections and drive safe!

9. Drunk Driving Happens During The Day, Too

While drunk driving mostly occurs during nighttime hours, there is another time of the day when drunk drivers are out in force – early mornings. Yes, in the early morning, many people wake up from a long and late night of drinking. They assume that since they’ve slept, they are not over the legal limit anymore. Unfortunately, that’s just not the case.
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So if you’re out for a pleasant and relaxing Sunday morning drive, you better drive as if you are driving at night!