You’ve seen the pictures on the television after natural disasters: food store shelves picked up clean bottled water and cereal bars, and poor families competing for the last bag of batteries. This isn’t a pretty picture, but if you’re reading an article on how to make an emergency kit, you’ve already taken the first step to prevent this situation.
When an emergency cuts down the electric supply, several retail stores and restaurants will likely be shut down. Collect food that is not spoiled, such as packaged foods, protein energy bars, dried fruit, and meal substitute drinks. Don’t forget to pack your can opener. Include hard candies, cookies, and gum as a boost for the senses in your package. Best is simpler in an emergency situation, be sure to have the food on hand that you and your family want. Eating unappetizing food is a true moral killer because you’re still under pressure. When preparing your meals, make sure to provide food for babies and pets as well, if possible.
First Aid Kit
A decent first aid kit should contain Band-aid, antibacterial ointment, ace bandage and pins, vinyl gloves, alcohol swabs, and a bare-need thermometer. It’s better to buy a self-contained box than to attempt to bring one together. Personal medicines you may need.
Communications and Lighting
Usually we rely on local news, the internet, and cell phones to keep in touch with what’s going on, but these forms of communication often become less reliable in a disaster situation. Knowing what’s going on around you in an emergency might be the difference between life and death. For safety purposes, it is also critical for each household member to have individual lights on hand that are readily available.
Shelter and Clothing
With water , food, communications, light and medical needs secured, the only thing you need to think about is keeping yourself safe and dry. Each emergency kit should contain at least one additional piece of clothing for each person using the kit, along with a reflective emergency blanket. The blanket may be used as an emergency shelter if appropriate, but you might also want to add a waterproof sheet for extra shielding. There are a range of options available: 6 to 20 hour warm packs, wool socks, survival kits, and emergency blankets. Even, to cover yourself from rain, add a poncho or other rain gear Warm packs are good for fast, concentrated heat. You should put them in your pockets, your shoes and your gloves to keep warm.
If it’s $5 or $50, keep down anything you can spare in your emergency kit. This may be used for vending machines or an emergency where electricity goes out and you need to make a transaction with cash.
Comfort and Cleanliness
You can think that sanitation will take the back seat in a disaster situation, and although it always does, don’t underestimate the reassuring benefits of cleanliness and relaxation while you’re under stress. Keep baby wipes, personal hygiene products, and trash bags on hand to keep everyone feeling their best to prevent the illness that can come from unsanitary conditions.
The remainder of the things in your package will depend on what you intend to do. If you’re living in an earthquake or tornado environment, you’re going to want equipment to turn off your appliances and a whistle to call for help if you’re stranded. If you find you might have an emergency scenario in which you will have to leave, place insurance forms, visas, birth certificates and other valuable documentation in a waterproof bag that you can quickly collect. Remember your own personal condition and prepare accordingly.