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How to Choose Your Patio Furniture?

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With so many options – wood or metal, expansive or compact, with or without cushions – it’s hard to know where to start. Here’s what the experts advise.

Collecting the furniture involves more than just haphazardly picking out pieces in a store or on a website. First, you need a plan – which requires figuring out how you’ll be using the space and how you’ll maintain it over time.

Make a Plan

Before buying anything, it’s important to think about your larger vision for an outdoor space.

“I really think outdoor furniture has three different uses,” said Celerie Kemble, an interior designer based in New York and Palm Beach, FL, who has designed outdoor furniture for Lane Venture. “There’s dining outside; using your outdoor space as a living room; and lounging and pool. And each has a different set of rules.”

If you have a large outdoor space, it may be possible to accommodate all three functions – a dining area with a table and chairs; a hangout space with sofas, lounge chairs and a coffee table; and an area for sunbathing equipped with chaise lounges.

Know Your Materials

Outdoor-furniture manufacturers use a wide range of durable materials, most of which fall into two groups: those that are meant to be impervious to the elements, maintaining their original appearance for many years, and those that will weather or develop a patina over time.

If you want your outdoor furniture to look brand-new for years to come, good material choices include powder-coated steel or aluminum, stainless steel, and plastics resistant to ultraviolet light. But even those materials can change when exposed to the elements over the long term; some fading, staining or corrosion isn’t uncommon.

“You can get a high-quality, UV-resistant plastic, and it can wear well and look the same for a number of years,” said Noah Schwarz, the creative director of Design Within Reach and the design director of the Herman Miller Collection. “For powder-coated metals, work with a supplier or buy from a brand that uses a high-quality powder coat, because they do differ quite a bit in their quality and longevity.”

Another approach is to buy pieces made from wood like teak, Ipe, eucalyptus and mahogany, which are durable but will develop a weathered look over time. Or choose a metal like brass, which gradually develops a patina.

Consider Cushions

One of the most important decisions you’ll make when shopping for outdoor furniture is whether or not to have cushions, which add comfort but come with maintenance hassles, because they tend to get dirty and wet.

One option: Avoid cushions altogether. “When we design urban spaces, we really don’t advise a lot of cushions because of all the soot in the air,” which tends to collect on the cushions, Mr. Klausing said. “We try to select furniture that’s comfortable without cushions, or that has mesh netting or something like that.”

This approach works well on elevated terraces, said Amber Freda, a New York-based landscape designer: “On a rooftop or terrace, a lot of people don’t want to worry about the cushions blowing around.” (Ties, of course, can help with that.)

But not all designers are willing to go without. “I love my outdoor furniture to be super comfortable – that’s really the No. 1 ingredient,” Mr. Bullard said. “I tend to use a lot of upholstery. We’ve got so many unbelievable options today, with all these amazing indoor-outdoor fabrics that are very soft and pliable, and come in a million colors and patterns, so you can really give character to a space like never before.”

What About Storage?

A lot of outdoor furniture can be left out all year long, especially if it’s heavy enough not to blow around in storms. But cushions are another story.

To preserve cushions as long as possible – and to ensure that they’ll be dry when you want to use them – some designers recommend removing and storing them when they’re not in use. Others recommend protecting outdoor furniture with covers.

Both strategies, however, are labor intensive and may discourage you from using your outdoor space on days when you can’t be bothered to take out the cushions or uncover the furniture.

Ms. Sutherland recommended a more laid-back approach: Leave the furniture and cushions out and uncovered for most of the year but cover or store them when you won’t be using them for extended periods of time – during the winter, for instance, or when you’re out of town.

Even that is too much effort for Ms. Kemble, who prefers leaving her cushions out all the time, regardless of her schedule or the weather. “I am an inherently lazy person, so I’m not going to spend my life chasing my cushions inside and outside based on the weather,” she said.

When her cushions get dirty, Ms. Kemble hoses them down, sometimes using dishwashing liquid on them. And while they wear faster than cushions that are stored when not in use, she said, “I’m prepared to accept that, over the next 10 years, I’m going to have to recover my cushions.”

If her chairs are occasionally damp, so be it. “I’m prepared to get some wet bum cheeks,” she said, “rather than having big storage boxes and taking on the challenge of staying two steps ahead of the weather.”

A stylish, durable patio furniture set-complete with a dining table, chairs, a sofa and perhaps a porch swing or roomy patio umbrella-can help you make the most of your space and upgrade your hosting game. The good news: Whether your aesthetic is of the clean-lined modern variety, or you have your heart set on something more traditional, there’s a vast range of patio furniture to choose from.

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